Common Golf Mistakes Beginners Make – How to Avoid Them

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Golf, often known as the “gentleman’s game,” offers a unique blend of challenge and relaxation. For beginners, stepping onto the golf course can be both exciting and daunting. It is important to be aware of some pitfalls that new players often encounter. Knowing how to avoid common golf mistakes beginners make is very helpful.

Now, these missteps can sometimes overshadow the joy of the game. However, with a bit of guidance, you can navigate them successfully.

These mistakes are present across the board. They go from the setup fundamentals, mechanical and technical areas of the swing, to the etiquette and the mental aspect of the game.

Remember, every golfer was a beginner once. Granted, some started earlier and had more time to learn. Nonetheless, it is never too late to correct things.

Image by Frederik Rosar on Unsplash
Image by Frederik Rosar on Unsplash

A very important first step is awareness. In order to be able to work on something, you have to know you are doing it wrong. Golf is quite a self-analytical game. First, try to see what might be on your list of improvements to start with. Once you do that, check what you can do and start the journey to better golfing.

Swing and Technique Mistakes

Poor Posture:

Bad posture can lead to inconsistent ball striking.


Maintain a balanced posture with knees slightly flexed and a straight back.

Incorrect Grip:

Holding the club Improperly affects the clubface’s orientation at impact.


Learn and practice the correct grip, like the “overlap” or “interlock” grip.

Poor Alignment:

Incorrect alignment leads to shots off target, even if the swing is good.


Use alignment aids like clubs or alignment sticks. It will ensure your feet, hips, and shoulders are parallel to the target line.


Swinging too hard can lead to a loss of control and accuracy.


Focus on a smooth, controlled swing rather than excessive power.

Lack of Rotation:

Not using proper body rotation can limit distance and accuracy.


Work on your body rotation during your swing, engaging hips and shoulders.

Image by Frederik Rosar on Unsplash
Image by Frederik Rosar on Unsplash

Short Game and Putting Mistakes

Neglecting Putting Practice:

Focusing solely on long shots and ignoring putting.


Dedicate time to practice putting for a well-rounded game.

Ignoring Chipping and Pitching:

Neglecting the short game can lead to higher scores.


Practice chipping and pitching to save strokes around the green.

Overcomplicating Chip Shots:

Attempting overly complex chip shots when simpler ones will do.


Choose the easiest and safest chip shot option to improve consistency.

Inconsistent Ball Contact:

Often struggles with inconsistent contact when chipping or pitching, leading to thin or fat shots.


Focus on maintaining a steady tempo in your short-game shots. Additionally, practice hitting the ball with the center of the clubface.

Neglecting Green Reading:

Overlooking the importance of reading the green’s slope and break can result in missed putts.


Develop green reading skills by carefully observing the slope and studying how the green breaks. Also, take your time to read the green and check the break from multiple angles. Watch the paths of other golfers’ putts on the green to gain insights into how they break.

Image by Peter Drew on Unsplash
Image by Peter Drew on Unsplash

Course Management and Mental Mistakes

Poor Club Selection:

Using the wrong club for the situation can lead to trouble.


Learn the distances you hit each club and select the appropriate one.

Ignoring Weather Conditions:

Failing to adjust for wind or other weather forces.


Pay attention to the wind and adjust your shots accordingly.

Not Thinking Strategically:

Hitting aggressive shots when a safer approach is wiser.


Consider the risks and rewards, and make strategic decisions.


Expecting rapid improvement and becoming frustrated when it doesn’t happen.


Golf is a gradual learning process; stay patient and enjoy the journey.

Lack of Mental Focus:

Allowing distractions or negative thoughts to affect your game.


Develop mental resilience and focus on the task at hand.

Not Learning Rules and Etiquette:

Not knowing the rules and etiquette can disrupt play.


Study the basic rules and etiquette of golf to ensure a smoother round.

Avoid Mistakes and Enjoy More

In conclusion, golf is a game that offers both challenges and rewards. Understanding and avoiding common mistakes can significantly enhance your enjoyment of the sport. Starting from mastering the fundamentals of grip and swing to focusing on alignment. Equally important, improving the short game or putting.

Therefore, each aspect of golf presents an opportunity for improvement. Nonetheless, it is not just about hitting the ball far. It is about precision and strategy. Equally essential is your knowledge of the rules and etiquette of the game. By following these guidelines you ensure a harmonious experience on the course. Consequently, you also prevent any unintentional penalties.

Golf, in many ways, is a mental sport as well. Thus, patience, focus, and a positive mindset are your allies. Besides, they will help you conquer the inevitable frustrations that may arise during a round. Golf is a journey that rewards dedication and practice. Specifically, it teaches patience, precision, and perseverance.

Finally, you will continue to refine your skills and gain experience. Therefore, you will discover challenges from the beginning becoming opportunities for growth and enjoyment. So, embrace the game and learn from your mistakes. Moreover, relish the satisfaction that comes with becoming a better golfer. In a word, golf offers a lifetime of enjoyment for those who take the journey.

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How to Read a Golf Course – Guide for Beginners

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Golf, often described as a sport of precision and strategy, offers you as a beginner an exciting journey. That journey is filled with challenges and opportunities for improvement. Among the fundamental skills is the ability to know how to read a golf course. It might take time and effort, but it is worth mastering it.

At its core, reading a golf course entails insights into the terrain, hazards, distances, and the unique character of each hole. A course design presents golfers with a blend of natural beauty and strategic challenges.

Now, your journey begins with a few essential steps. Those steps can significantly impact your performance and enjoyment of the course.

First, a course map or scorecard can be a valuable resource available at the clubhouse or online. Then, something like understanding the par value for each hole is key to setting realistic expectations.

Image by Andrew Anderson on Unsplash
Image by Andrew Anderson on Unsplash

In the following sections, we will delve into the specifics of reading a golf course. You will find practical advice and tips to help you navigate the fairways and greens. Understanding the layout is your first step toward a more enjoyable and rewarding golfing experience. So, let’s get started, one stroke at a time.

Assessing a Golf Course

This is the very beginning of the process when it comes to reading a course. Nonetheless, here are some tips to help you assess a golf course effectively.

  1. Course Map and Scorecard: They are easy to obtain, usually available at the clubhouse or online. These resources provide essential information about each hole, including yardages, par values, and hole layouts.
  2. Study the Yardages: Pay close attention to the yardage for each hole. Note the distances to various landmarks like bunkers, water hazards, and the center of the green. This information will help you choose the right club for each shot.
  3. Know the Par: Understanding the par for each hole can help you set realistic expectations and determine how well you are playing.
  4. Consider Tee Selection: Golf courses typically have multiple tee boxes, each catering to different skill levels. As a beginner, choose the tee box that matches your skill level. Consequently, starting from a shorter tee will make the course more manageable.
  5. Local Rules: Familiarize yourself with any local rules specific to the golf course. Briefly, these rules may involve out-of-bounds areas or ground under repair. Thus, there could be some unique course features that have their own rules.

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Image by

Understand a Course Layout

In brief, understanding a golf course layout as a beginner is essential for making informed decisions. Equally important, it will help you improve your game. Here is how you can better comprehend a golf course layout:

  1. Analyze Hole Distances: Pay attention to the distances of each hole. Note the total yardage of the course and the yardage of each hole. Understanding the lengths will help you choose the appropriate clubs for each shot.
  2. Look at Hole Layouts: On the course map or scorecard, observe the layout of each hole. Subsequently, identify the position of the tee box, fairway, hazards, and the green. Also, note the doglegs or unique features of the hole.
  3. Note Hazard Locations: Pay special attention to the location of hazards. Bunkers, water hazards, and rough areas are common obstacles on golf courses. Hence, knowing where they are positioned will help you strategize your shots to avoid them.
  4. Understand the Green: Study the shape and size of the green for each hole. Look for any spoles, undulations, or challenging pin placements. This information is crucial when planning approach shots and putting.
  5. Visualize Your Shots: Before teeing off on each hole, take a moment to visualize your shots. Therefore, consider the best path to the fairway and potential hazards to avoid. Furthermore, consider where you want your ball to land for the most favorable approach to the green.

Strategize Your Shots Effectively

For you as a beginner, this is crucial for improving your game and minimizing mistakes. Here are some tips to help you develop a strategic approach to your shots:

  1. Select the Right Club: Choose your clubs based on the distance to the target and your own abilities. As a beginner, focus on accuracy over distance. Familiarize yourself with the typical distances you achieve with each club through practice.
  2. Understand Your Abilities: Be honest about your skill level. If you are not comfortable hitting long shots or controlling certain clubs, opt for more reliable choices. Over time, you can work on expanding your shot-making abilities.
  3. Plan Each Shot: Before taking a shot, assess the hole layout and factors that can influence the outcome. For example, consider wind direction, hazards, and the shape of the hole. Visualize your shot and decide your target.
  4. Aim for the Center: In general, aim for the center of the fairway or the green. Avoid overly ambitious targets near hazards, especially as a beginner. Consistency and avoiding trouble are key.
  5. Manage Risk: As a beginner, it is essential to manage risk. Avoid overly aggressive shots that may lead to trouble. Consider your comfort level with various shot types and choose the safer option when in doubt.
  6. Play With Your Abilities: Focus on executing shots that you feel confident about. Trying to mimic the shots of professional golfers can lead to frustration and errors. As your skills improve, you can gradually attempt more challenging shots.

Image by Edewaa Foster on Unsplash
Image by Edewaa Foster on Unsplash

Build a Solid Foundation

In conclusion, mastering the art of reading a golf course is a pivotal skill for any golfer. It is the foundation upon which your game strategy is built. As you gain familiarity with the course layout, you will find yourself making more informed decisions. Moreover, you will be avoiding hazards and ultimately lowering your scores.

Remember that reading a golf course is a gradual process. It is perfectly normal to encounter challenges along the way. Approach each round with a willingness to learn from both success and setbacks. With practice and experience, you will develop a deeper understanding of the intricacies of each hole. That will enable you to play with greater confidence and enjoyment.

So, embrace the journey of course mastery as an integral part of the sport. Be patient, persistent, and committed to learning. That way you will cultivate a profound appreciation for the artistry and strategy of the game. The ability to read the course will be your guide to unlocking the full potential of your golfing experience.

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2023 Bridgestone e9 Long Drive Golf Ball Review

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This year Bridgestone came out with a new golf ball, the e9 Long Drive. As the name itself suggests, it is built mainly for one purpose. That is to get as far down the fairway as physically possible. In the new 2023 Bridgestone e9 Long Drive golf ball review, we’ll see how it actually feels to play this ball on the course.

Since this ball’s purpose is to go far, it was co-developed with the World Long Drive Association. It features Extreme Gradational core technology.

A fast outer region enhances ball speed. Simultaneously, a soft inner area provides optimal spin control ensuring a steady ball trajectory.

Moreover, the ball showcases a streamlined, 330-dimple cover designed to minimize air resistance and maximize ball speed. That is all you need to smash it a long way.

2023 Bridgestone e9 Long Drive Box by
2023 Bridgestone e9 Long Drive Box by

According to Bridgestone, this ball’s compression is around 75. That would place this ball into the medium compression category. Now, this ball’s objective is to go far. However, I am inquisitive about how it will perform on the golf course. Coming from Bridgestone, I am expecting it to do well. How well it is going to do, we’ll find out.

Who Is This Ball For?

The more I read about who the golf balls are made for, the more I slightly changed my opinion. Now, it is not just because of what the experts say. It has also to do with my playing experience. I indeed started realizing that the compression rating of a golf ball does not necessarily determine who should play it.

All that being said, I am starting a new approach to who a certain ball is for. In this case, the medium compression means that the ball will feel softer upon contact. Golfers with higher swing speeds should benefit from it the most. Even golfers with lower and medium swing speeds could play it, as they point out on the Bridgestone website.

You have to remember, this ball is built with the intention to go far. That means the spin will be lower across the board. Yes, it might go further than other balls, but there will be sacrifices made. Most importantly, the short game could suffer more than any other area. Also, you might not be able to shape the shots as you want if you usually do it.

In conclusion, there is one thing that could make you want to try this ball. That reason is if you want to hit the ball as far as possible. It is a niche market two-piece golf ball that might be worth giving a try. The ball is designed for a higher launch and more carry. If you are looking for that, go for it by any means.


  • Distance
  • Higher Launch
  • Price
  • Straight Flight Trajectory


  • Lower Greenside Spin

Bridgestone e9 Long Drive Golf Ball Review

Distance Control
Chipping and Pitching

On the Green

The way the putter was connecting with the ball gave me a soft sensation. Despite the soft feel, it was making a bit clicky sound. That is probably due to its Surlyn cover which is a bit harder than an urethane one. It was nothing overly loud or unpleasant, just a bit different from what I am used to.

On short putts, things were pretty smooth. When it came to the longer ones, things got trickier. More often than not, the ball didn’t go as far as I thought it would. Nobody likes to leave the ball short. The part that worked well was the ball holding the line. Wherever I aimed it, it felt like the ball was going there. Overall, putting was a positive experience.

Around the Green

First of all, I have to say the feeling of chipping and pitching was soft. That does not come as a surprise due to the medium compression. When it comes to performance, let’s start with my go-to chip shots, bump and run chips. For some reason, I was leaving them short. Must have been a day like that, nothing to do there.

On a bit higher trajectory chips, I was consistently encountering challenges with getting the ball to release more. As with the lower ones, I just kept falling short of the targeted landing area. That most definitely did not help with the ball releasing enough. On top of everything, the lack of greenside spin did not help the cause.

Approach Shots

As I usually mention here, I test the balls on a par 3 course. That means every shot is an approach shot. This ball showed a fairly noticeable decrease in spin compared to what I am used to. That caused a lack of stopping power which often led to the ball rolling out too much after landing on the green.

The higher flight trajectory did help sometimes with the ball stopping a bit quicker on the green. When I took my shots, I could see that it consistently produced a straight and predictable trajectory. My misses were consistent compared to my usual game, so all good there. I noticed, occasionally, that the ball was a bit jumpy off the clubface.

All in all, I had a decent experience hitting this ball, but not as satisfying as it could have been.


This ball has shown a very decent level of durability. You might expect that from a ball built to be smashed by the driver. After a full round, there were only a few spots with visible damage. There was nothing too seriously scuffed or marked. Bridgestone has done a good job in this department.

Appearance and Price

When it comes to appearance, it looks nice and clean like all the Bridgestone balls. The 330 dimples are different sizes which makes the cover look a bit asymmetric. In order to see that you have to look very closely, but there is nothing wrong with it. The alignment arrow is identical to the e6 and e12 Contact models, simple and straightforward.

Considering this ball was developed for a niche market, the price could be a touch lower. Instead of it being the same as the e12 Contact, maybe it could be closer to the e6 price point. Nonetheless, it is still fairly affordable and represents a good value for the money spent. It is available in white, yellow, orange, and pink colors.

Final Verdict

At the end of the day, this is a quality product and a solid choice. That is if you fall into the targeted market, but not only then. It is still a ball that you can play even if hitting it long is not your ultimate goal. As is the case with any ball out there, some golfers will like it, some will not.

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Golf Ball Dimples and Their Role – The Science Behind

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Golf is a sport of precision and finesse. It is deeply intertwined with the science of aerodynamics. At the heart of this scientific synergy lies the unassuming yet critical feature: golf ball dimples. They are small, seemingly innocuous indentations that adorn the surface of every ball. We will dive into the science behind golf ball dimples and their role on the ball itself.

They are not just decorative patterns but rather the result of meticulous engineering aimed at unlocking the secrets of flight dynamics.

Dimples harness the principles of aerodynamics, fluid dynamics, and the Magnus effect. That way they elevate the game of golf to new heights, quite literally.

Their primary purpose is to allow the ball to achieve greater distance and more stable flight paths. The specific pattern, size, and depth of the dimples can vary between manufacturers and models.

Now, without any further introduction, let’s break down how golf ball dimples work.

Image by Courtney Cook on Unsplash
Image by Courtney Cook on Unsplash

Aerodynamic Drag Reduction

When a golf ball is in flight, it moves through the air. As does, it creates a layer called a boundary layer. That layer clings to the surface of the ball due to viscosity (the stickiness of fluids). Additionally, the boundary layer can become turbulent, which leads to increased drag. Drag is the force that opposes the motion of the ball through the air and can slow it down.

Dimples disrupt the smooth flow of air over the ball’s surface. Consequently, by doing that they are effectively tripping the boundary layer from laminar (smooth) to turbulent flow. This turbulent boundary layer “sticks” to the surface better, reducing overall drag. That phenomenon is known as the “dimpled golf ball effect.”

Magnus Effect and Lift

When a golf ball is struck with backspin or topspin, it begins to rotate around its axis. This spin creates differences in air pressure on different sides of the ball. According to Bernoulli’s principle, faster-moving air has lower pressure. The side of the ball with backspin moves against airflow. On the other hand, the side with topspin moves with airflow.

This creates a pressure differential, causing the ball to experience lift. The ball’s topspin side has lower pressure. That allows the higher-pressure air on the backspin side to push the ball upward. This lift force counteracts the force of gravity. With that, it enables the ball to stay in the air longer and achieve greater distances.

The dimples play a key role in the Magnus effect. They help maintain a thin layer of turbulent air around the ball. Hence they allow the pressure differences to develop more effectively. The backspin side experiences less drag due to the dimples’ turbulent boundary layer. Therefore, it allows the lift force to be more pronounced.

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Image by

Stability and Control

Dimples contribute to the stability and control of the ball’s flight in the following ways:

  • First, the dimples help distribute the flow of air more evenly across the ball’s surface. This minimizes the impact of small imperfections and inconsistencies on the ball’s trajectory. As a result, it leads to a more consistent flight.

  • Second, the turbulent boundary layer created by dimples adds a layer of stability. This prevents the ball from experiencing sudden shifts in its flight path due to changes in airflow.

Preventing “Knuckling”

Without dimples, a smooth ball would experience turbulent flow at a lower speed. That would cause it to “knuckle” or wobble unpredictably in the air. Dimples help delay this turbulent flow, allowing the ball to maintain a stable flight even at higher speeds.

Penetrating Flight

Dimples help the ball achieve a more penetrating flight trajectory. This trajectory is often desirable because it cuts through the air more efficiently. Furthermore, it reduces the effects of crosswinds and other external factors that can divert the ball off course.

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Image by

Types of Golf Ball Dimples

Golf ball dimples come in various shapes, sizes, and patterns. Each of those is designed to optimize aerodynamic performance, flight characteristics, and overall ball behavior. Different manufacturers may use their own proprietary designs, but there are a few common types:

1. Traditional Spherical Dimples

These are the most common dimples found on golf balls. They are circular and arranged in a pattern across the ball’s surface. This pattern is often hexagonal or pentagonal, similar to a soccer ball. These dimples provide a good balance between lift, drag reduction, and stability.

2. U-Shaped Dimples

Some golf balls feature dimples with a U-shaped profile. These dimples have a curved bottom and straight sides. That resembles a rounded “U”. Nonetheless, the design aims to enhance lift and distance by promoting better airflow around the dimple edges.

3. Dual-Dimple Technology

This design includes two different sizes of dimples on the ball’s surface. Larger dimples around the ball’s equator enhance lift, while smaller dimples near the poles reduce drag. Thus, this combination optimizes the ball’s flight trajectory.

4. Dimple Depth Variability

Some golf balls have varying depths of dimples across the surface. Deeper dimples might be placed in specific areas to modify spin rates or trajectories. Consequently, they offer more control to skilled players.

5. Non-Uniform Dimple Patterns

Certain golf balls have irregular or non-uniform dimple patterns. These patterns are strategically designed to manipulate the ball’s flight characteristics. That primarily refers to trajectory, spin, and stability.

6. Seamless Dimples

Instead of discrete dimples, some golf balls have a textured surface with a continuous pattern. It often resembles the traditional dimple arrangement. In brief, this design aims to reduce drag and provide a unique aerodynamic effect.

7. Micro-Dimples

They are very shallow, tiny dimples that cover the surface of the ball in addition to the main dimples. Micro-dimples help improve airflow over the ball and can contribute to lower drag.

8. Aerodynamic Dimple Designs

Finally, manufacturers might experiment with various dimple designs. For example, designs such as scallops, fins, or even more complex patterns inspired by nature. These designs can influence how the ball interacts with the air. In addition, that might lead to specific flight characteristics.

As Long As It Works for You

When you swing your clubs, you unknowingly engage in a dance with physics. At those moments, the dimples on your golf ball become partners in this intricate choreography. The science behind golf ball dimples is a testament to human ingenuity. It blends artistry and aerodynamics to elevate the sport to new levels of performance and enjoyment.

On one hand, the dimples reduce drag and enhance lift. Simultaneously, they stabilize flight and shape trajectory. While doing all that, they leave an indelible mark on the skies above golf courses worldwide. It is something worth appreciating each time when you hit the golf ball.

Finally, it does not matter what kind of dimples your golf ball has. What matters is that that golf ball does what you want it to. If not every time, at least most of the time.

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Mental Game Strategies for New Golfers – How to Play Better

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For you, as a new golfer, developing effective mental game strategies is crucial for a few reasons. It is not only about improving your performance but also enjoying the game more. There are several mental game strategies for new golfers worth exploring in order to help enhance your mental game.

Mastering the mental aspects of golf is as crucial as honing your physical skills. The mental game can often make a difference between a good time on the course and feeling frustrated.

Golf is a sport that challenges not only your physical abilities but also your mental resilience, focus, and attitude. This is where the art of the mental game comes into play.

As a novice golfer, it is easy to underestimate the influence of your mindset on your performance. However, seasoned players and professionals understand certain things. They understand that the thoughts, emotions, and strategies you bring to the course can significantly impact your outcomes.

Image by Andrew Anderson on Unsplash
Image by Andrew Anderson on Unsplash

The mental game is the inner realm where composure, concentration, and confidence intersect. It is about cultivating the mental tools to overcome the challenges that arise during a round. Additionally, it is also about managing pressure-packed moments, and staying positive even when things don’t go as planned.

In the following guide, we delve into a set of effective strategies tailored specifically for new golfers. These strategies are designed to empower you to take charge of your mental game. They allow you to navigate the complexities of the course with a sense of purpose and poise. Let’s check them out.

Stay Patient and Manage Expectations

Golf is a challenging sport that takes time to master. As a new golfer, you should set realistic expectations and be patient with yourself as you learn and improve. Understand that progress will come gradually, and setbacks are part of the learning process. Set achievable goals for improvement and celebrate small successes along the way.

Focus on Process, Not Outcome

Instead of fixating on the final score, focus on executing each shot to the best of your ability. Concentrate on your pre-shot routine, alignment, grip, and swing mechanics. When you aim for a consistent process it often leads to better outcomes.

Develop a Pre-Shot Routine

Establish a consistent pre-shot routine that includes visualizing the shot and choosing a target. On top of that, you can add setting up your alignment and stance, taking a practice swing, and then executing the shot. A reliable routine can help calm nerves and ensure consistency in your approach.

Practice Visualization

Visualizing successful shots can improve your confidence and concentration. Before each shot, close your eyes and imagine the shot you want to execute. Imagine the ball’s trajectory, flight path, and landing spot. Do that each time until it becomes a habit.

Practice Mindfulness and Focus

Stay present in the moment and focus on the current shot. Avoid thinking about past mistakes or future shots. Mindfulness techniques, such as deep breathing and staying aware of your senses, can help keep you in the present. Feel the breeze, hear the sounds around you, and focus on the feel of the club and the ball.

Control Negative Self-Talk

Replace negative self-talk with positive affirmations. Instead of swelling on mistakes or potential failures, remind yourself of past successes and focus on your strengths. Positive self-talk can boost your confidence and attitude.

Image by Markus Spiske on Unsplash
Image by Markus Spiske on Unsplash

Embrace Mistakes

Mistakes are a natural part of golf. Rather than getting frustrated, use mistakes as learning opportunities. Analyze what went wrong, make adjustments, and move on. This growth mindset helps you improve and reduces frustration.

Maintain a Positive Attitude

Approach each round with a positive attitude. Embrace challenges and setbacks as opportunities to grow and learn. A positive mindset can enhance your enjoyment of the game and lead to better performance.

Set Short-Term Goals

Break down your overall game improvement into smaller, achievable goals. Focus on improving specific aspects of your game, such as driving accuracy or putting proficiency. Accomplishing these mini-goals can provide a sense of accomplishment and motivation.

Stay Relaxed Under Pressure

Nervousness and pressure are common on the golf course, especially in competitive situations. Develop relaxation techniques like deeper breathing or positive visualization to stay composed and focused.

Stay Physically Fit

Regular exercise and flexibility training contribute to your mental game. Consequently, physical fitness supports endurance, balance, and overall well-being. All that is essential for maintaining focus and concentration throughout your rounds.

Learn from Mentally Strong Golfers

Observe how professional golfers handle challenges and pressure. Watch their pre-shot routine and note how they manage their emotions. Also, you can listen to their insights on mental strategies through their interviews. You can apply these techniques to your own game.

Image by Cristina Anne Costello on Unsplash
Image by Cristina Anne Costello on Unsplash

Apply Some Strategies and See the Changes

In conclusion, developing a strong mental game is a journey. It complements the technical aspects of golf. Hence, by integrating these strategies into your approach, you can cultivate resilience, focus, and a positive attitude. All that will serve you well on the course. Remember that progress takes time, and setbacks are part of the learning curve.

Embrace the process of improvement, stay present in each shot, and celebrate your achievements along the way. As you continue to refine your mental game, you will find that not only does your performance flourish. Your overall experience of golf becomes one of enjoyment, growth, and personal satisfaction.

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Categories: Beginners Gameplay

Golf Ball Compression and Swing Speed – How They Relate

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When it comes to golf topics, this one falls into the open-to-interpretation category. I say that because I have heard and read different thoughts about it over time. Some experts have one theory, while others have a different one. Nonetheless, there is definitely a relationship between golf ball compression and swing speed to look into.

The fact is that golfers use golf balls with different compression ratings and swing the clubs at different speeds. Those things will never change going into the future.

Going back to the diverse theories about compression and swing speed, there are two main ones. The first tells us that there is a certain compression rating class for each swing speed class.

That means if you swing your club slower, you should go for low-compression golf balls. In the same way, if you swing faster, you should go for higher-compression golf balls.

Image by Virgile Donadieu on Unsplash
Image by Virgile Donadieu on Unsplash

The second, on the other hand, tells us that to play your best golf you do not have to follow the rules from the first one. In fact, some experts say you could be fitted in different ball compression classes from your swing speed class. For example, you could still be fitted for a higher compression golf ball even if you are in the slow or middle swing speed category.

In this article, I will not support any of the two theories, but I will explain what the golf ball compression rating and swing speed are. I will also talk about how it is all designed to work together and leave you to decide what you make of it at the end.

Golf Ball Compression Rating

Golf ball compression refers to the measurement of the hardness or firmness of a golf ball. That critical characteristic affects the ball’s performance and feel when struck by a golfer’s club. It basically means, when a golf ball is struck, it undergoes deformation, compressing against the clubface before rebounding off it.

The compression intensity directly influences how the energy is transferred from the club to the ball during impact. Balls with different compression levels behave differently based on a golfer’s swing speed and other factors. The golf ball compression is measured between 0 and 200.

However, most standard balls are rated between 50 and 100, with a few models from different brands with compressions under 50. The lower the compression rating, the softer the ball, and the higher the compression rating, the firmer the ball.

Swing Speed

Now, when we talk about swing speed, we usually talk about two different things. There is the golf club swing speed which refers to the velocity at which a golfer’s golf clubhead moves during the golf swing. In some parts of the world is measured in miles per hour (mph), while in others in kilometers per hour (km/h).

The golf club swing speed, more precisely driver swing speed, is typically used as a reference for choosing the golf ball. It is also valuable for club fitting, choosing the right shaft flex, and optimizing the equipment for maximum performance. Professional golfers usually have swing speeds between 110 and 130 mph, while amateurs mostly range from 80 to 100 mph.

There is also golf ball speed. It refers to the speed at which the golf ball leaves the clubface after impact with the golf club. The clubhead speed, the quality of contact with the ball, and the characteristics of the ball itself directly influence its speed.

Image by Samantha Gades on Unsplash
Image by Samantha Gades on Unsplash

Low-Compression Golf Balls

It includes golf balls with compression ratings around 50 (or lower) to 70. They are primarily designed for slower swing speeds (typically below 85 mph). These balls help maximize distance for golfers who do not generate a lot of power in their swings. They tend to feel softer and are more forgiving.

Mid-Compression Golf Balls

These are balls with compression ratings between 70 and 90. They are suitable for a wide range of golfers with moderate swing speeds (around 85 to 100 mph). These balls offer a balance of distance and control. Unlike the low compression rating category which only consists of two-piece golf balls, here we can find two-piece and three-piece (also a few four or five-piece) balls.

Image by Angelina Yan on Unsplash
Image by Angelina Yan on Unsplash

High-Compression Golf Balls

Here we can find balls with compression ratings above 90. They are designed for higher swing speeds (above 100 mph) and provide more control and accuracy for golfers with faster swings. This is the category where we can find the fewest ball models out there.

How It All Relates

Golf ball compression is important, but is just one factor that influences golf ball performance. The construction and design of the ball’s core, cover, and dimple pattern also play crucial roles in how the ball behaves and performs. For this reason, golfers often experiment with different golf ball models to find the one that suits their game and swing characteristics the best.

The bottom line is that every golfer’s swing and style are unique. You can definitely go for a golf ball fitting and be fitted with a golf ball you least expected. At the end of the day what matters is the things you are looking for in a ball. You might want only distance, or you are more focused on short-game performance. Whatever it is, there is a golf ball out there for you.

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2023 Bridgestone e12 Contact Golf Ball Review

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After refreshing its premium golf balls lineup last year, Bridgestone did the same with the rest of them this year. Here we are talking about the well-known e6 and e12 Contact. They also introduced a new ball, the e9 Long Drive, which I will review soon. Nonetheless, this is the new 2023 Bridgestone e12 Contact golf ball review.

The e12 Contact has been around for a bit of time now, to be precise this is the fourth generation. That says this ball is here to stick around for the future as well.

It is described as the ultimate choice for golfers looking to improve their game. One of the reasons for that is the FLEXATIV Cover Technology and Contact Force Dimple.

Those two combined create 46% more surface contact, resulting in more efficient energy transfer and longer, straighter distances with the driver.

2023 Bridgestone e12 Contact Box by
2023 Bridgestone e12 Contact Box by

Also, according to Bridgestone’s website, with increased friction, the spin and control around the green are better. Based on all of the above, there are reasons to be excited about this ball. I can see it being a game improvement ball since it has a three-layers construction, but it does not fall into the premium ball category. Now let’s see how the ball actually performed.

Who Is This Ball For?

The new Bridgestone e12 Contact came out with the new Flexativ technology which should improve the ball performance compared to the previous version. That improvement translates into better contact, longer distance, straighter trajectory, and more greenside spin. It still remains in the lower compression ball category.

Based on all of the above, this ball should suit golfers with slow to moderate swing speeds. I do agree with Bridgestone that it is a ball for players who are improving. However, more advanced golfers might want a bit more out of a golf ball. It might go far on tee shots, but it still lacks spin with irons and wedges compared to premium balls.

If you are in a stage of your game where you want to move away from two-layered balls, this one could be an option. It is a good transitional choice for a fair price. In case you just want a ball that goes far off the tee, it is again a solid choice. Bridgestone has been working hard on this model, it is worth trying it out.


  • Distance
  • Multiple Color Options
  • Price
  • Soft Feel


  • Less Approach and Greenside Spin
  • Not Suited for Fast Swing Speeds

Bridgestone e12 Contact Review

Review by

Distance Control
Chipping and Pitching

On the Green

To put it in simple words, this ball performed very well on the green. Let’s start with the feel. Every time I stroke it with my putter, it felt soft. It was making a pleasant sound that was on the mellow side. Now on to the putting itself. Overall, I had no issues with adjusting to this ball. Right from the start I found the right pace.

I was especially pleased with the longer putts. When I needed the ball to hold the line and hit it stronger, it did that with no problem. This was the case with uphill putts, both long and short. Putts that had a bit of break in them worked decently with no particular hiccups. It was all good in this area of the game.

Around the Green

Like putting, this ball felt soft and nice around the green. I am a primarily bump-and-run type of chips golfer. Therefore, for me, it is important how the ball performs in this area. It performed well enough with a couple of chips that did not end up as planned. I could see the lack of spin compared to premium balls, but that was not a big deal.

I have chipped more times than usual this round, so I had more chances to see how the ball does. That means there were one or two higher trajectory chips which are not my strong suit. Nonetheless, it did not end too badly. On the contrary, it actually baled me out on multiple occasions saving the round from a tragic score.

Approach Shots

Since I test golf balls on a par 3 course, each shot is an approach shot. First, I have to say the ball went straight on every shot. What I mean by that is even if it went right or left it still went straight. I did not notice any excessive fading or drawing. The ball simply held its line no matter which direction it went.

I didn’t try shot shaping, but this time it did not happen even by accident. In general, the mis-hits were manageable. When it comes to stopping power, again, it is not as great as premium balls. That being said, it was still decent. I had no problem with changing flight height when needed which is always a plus.

It is worth mentioning that the feeling when hitting it was soft. That does not come as a surprise due to the lower compression. All in all, it performed well from the tee box.


This ball has shown decent durability. After a full round, there were only a few marks and a couple of scuffs showing on the ionomer cover. There are certainly balls that are more durable than this one, but also some that are less durable. This ball falls somewhere in the middle of the pack which makes it a solid choice.

Appearance and Price

The e12 Contact is a specific ball when it comes to appearance. It has a very unique and different dimple pattern design which makes it stand out. This is not new, as the dimple design change came out with the previous model. There was a slight change with the alignment arrow, which now, in my opinion, looks modern and a bit nicer than the 2021 model.

Where the e12 Contact has a competitive advantage is the price. All its direct competitors except the Srixon Q-Star Tour come at a steeper price. For what you get performance-wise this ball is a great value for money. On top of that it is available in white, matte red, matte green, and matte yellow colors.

Final Verdict

To sum it up, this is a very good golf ball. It will certainly not give you a premium golf ball performance, but it is not even built to do that. This ball caters to the middle of the skill level golf audience. If you are looking to try something different that will not cost you big bucks, you might want to look into this one.

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Golf Course Terminology – Terms and Phrases for Beginners

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Golf is a wonderful, yet very complex sport. We all know how difficult it is to play it, let alone become good at it. New golfers have numerous challenges ahead of them from the get-go. On top of all the technical and mechanical things they have to learn, there is an entire golf course terminology to get familiar with.

If you are a beginner, there are numerous terms and phrases you will encounter on the course. It may take you some time to get acquainted with all of them but take it slowly.

You will golf long enough to become proficient in the golf language. Most golfers know just some very basic terms and phrases when they first start playing.

Honestly, you do not have to know it all to enjoy the game and move around the course. However, it is good to have some general knowledge to understand what is happening around you.

Image by Caleb Bennetts on Unsplash
Image by Caleb Bennetts on Unsplash

It comes very handy especially when you are playing with more experienced golfers. They will at times want to tell you something while playing in the form of information, advice, or warning. That is usually meant to help you. For that reason, it would be good to get to know the most common words from the golf course terminology.

Golf Course Basic Structure

We will start from the golf course itself. There are different types of courses out there. Starting from the smallest par 3 courses all the way to full courses with championship tees. All of them have certain things in common when it comes to the basic structure. Below are the parts of the course you will find no matter where you play.

Tee Box (Tee) – It is the starting point for every hole where you hit your first shot. Usually, it is a designated area marked by two tee markers between which you place your ball. On par 3 courses or on some special occasions there could be a square mat instead, usually to prevent damaging the ground.

Fairway – The area between the tee and green with the shortest grass (excluding the green). Its size varies from hole to hole and it is meant to land the ball in order to have a better next shot.

Rough – The area with longer grass you ideally avoid when hitting the ball. It surrounds the fairway and green. Shots from the rough tend to be punishing depending on the grass length.

Green – The area where the hole is located which is meant only for putting.

Flag (Stick) – It marks the hole so you can see it when still distant. A lot of golf courses do flag color coding so you know if the hole is in the front, middle, or back of the green.

Out of Bounds (OB) – All the areas outside the course boundaries. Play from there is not allowed, and if your ball ends up there you usually get a penalty stroke.

Golf Course Obstacles

If golf courses were made only the basic way, golf would be maybe a bit easier. In order to prevent that, golf course designers place different obstacles to make golfing more interesting. Interesting is maybe not the right word, it makes it rather more difficult, especially for us recreational golfers.

Hazard – It is an obstacle placed strategically on the course to punish shots that are not precise. A hazard can be anything from a tree, bush, sand, or any type of water.

Sand Trap (Bunker) – The most common hazard on the golf course. It is an area filled with sand, usually below the course level to make the shot from it more difficult. There are fairway bunkers and greenside bunkers.

Water Hazard – It is a very common hazard, especially on bigger courses. A water hazard can be a pond, a smaller lake, or anything like a stream. When your ball ends up in a water hazard and it is not playable, you are punished with a penalty stroke.

Image by Ping Lee on Unsplash
Image by Ping Lee on Unsplash


This is the fun or not-so-fun part of golfing, depending on how your round is going. In order to keep score, you should be familiar with all the basic scoring terms.

Par – The expected number of strokes it should take to complete a hole.

Birdie – When you score one stroke under par on a hole.

Eagle – When you score two strokes under par on a hole.

Albatros (Double Eagle) – When you score three strokes under par on a hole.

Bogey – When you score one stroke over par on a hole.

Double Bogey – When you score two strokes over par on a hole.

Triple Bogey – When you score three strokes over par on a hole.

Hole in One – When your ball goes into the hole straight after the first shot from the tee box.

Penalty Stroke – When you are awarded an extra stroke due to losing your ball, going out of bounds, or other specific circumstances.

Handicap – A system created to measure a golfer’s ability, can be used to adjust scores in competitions with players with different skill levels.

Stroke Play – A scoring system where scores from each hole are accumulated, and the player with the lowest score wins.

Golf Shots

There are several different types of golf shots you will either be executing or see others execute. Below are the most common ones, although you will hear more of them longer you play.

Drive (Tee Shot) – The initial shot a player takes on every hole.

Approach Shot – A shot usually played from the fairway to get the ball on the green.

Putt – It is a stroke that is executed on the green, or in cases off the green, to roll the ball into the hole.

Recovery Shot – A shot executed with the sole purpose to get the ball back into play from a bad position.

Draw – A shot shaped from right to left with right-handed golfers and left to right with left-handed golfers.

Fade – A shot shaped from left to right with right-handed golfers and right to left with left-handed golfers.

Chip – A shot from a shorter distance, usually within 30-40 yards from the green.

Pitch – A shot from a shorter distance, usually a bit further than the chip shot, until somewhere within 100 yards from the green.

Image by Michael Jasmund on Unsplash
Image by Michael Jasmund on Unsplash

Other Common Terms and Phrases

Besides all the terms and phrases I have already covered above, you can check others that are as important.

Mulligan – A do-over shot that can be casually used in friendly and unofficial games.

Fore – A warning shout you should yell each time you hit an errant shot going toward a group of golfers on the course to warn them the ball might hit them.

Green Fee – It is the fee you pay to play a round of golf on a course.

Divot – A piece of turf you take out with your club when you hit a shot. Ideally, you place back the divot on the spot it came out of.

Pitch Mark – A mark your ball makes when it lands on the green.

Shank – A very poorly executed shot where the ball did not make good contact with your golf club.

Ball Marker – A small rounded piece used to mark the ball spot on the green in order for you to pick the ball up and clean it before putting.

Pitch Mark Repair Tool – A small tool that usually looks like a small pitchfork used to repair pitch marks your ball makes on the green.

Learn the Vocabulary to Enjoy the Game More

As I mentioned at the beginning of the article, being new to golf can be challenging. In order for you to navigate the golfing world a bit easier, you can learn the most common terms and phrases. It will not just help you understand the game better but also help you bond with your fellow golfing partners.

There is nothing better than being out there on the course and completely fit in. On top of that, others will appreciate your knowledge and won’t have to explain every single thing. More importantly, get familiar with the golf course terminology so you can enjoy the game to its fullest.

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How to Improve Putting at Home – 5 Tips for Beginners

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Putting is one of the areas of golf that golfers tend not to practice enough. I fall into that category myself and do not work on my putting as much as I probably should. Experts say putting should be around 30% of all golf practice. Luckily, you can use some tips on how to improve putting at home and increase your practice time.

Unlike swinging with other clubs in your bag, for the putter you do not need much space. You don’t have to worry you will wreck the walls, scratch the sealing, or break a piece of furniture.

Now, that is the case unless your putts are so wild that there is a real danger for surrounding objects or housemates. Remember, the golf ball is hard, so be always cautious with it.

Nevertheless, let’s get back to putting at home. All you need is a few feet of unobstructed space in your place. No matter if it is a house or an apartment, anything works.

Image by Morgan House on Unsplash
Image by Morgan House on Unsplash

It does not have to be a space over 10 feet long or longer. If you do have a longer area, that is good, you can also work on longer putts. In general, all you need is going to be a putter and a golf ball. If you do have some putting aids, it will be helpful. However, you can still improve your putting in a simpler way.

1. Practice Strokes in Front of a Mirror

I am sure this might sound a bit weird, and I agree with that. Why would you practice strokes in front of a mirror? That’s a fair question. Now let me explain it. In the same way, you can’t exactly see how you look when you are working on your full swing, you can’t see yourself putting either.

There are reasons why it is important to be aware of what you do while putting. You could see what your posture looks like for one. Second, you could see what parts of your body you are moving. For all you know, you could be moving too much or be too still. Then you can see what your stroke looks like.

All things you can see in the mirror could give you a better idea of what to work on. Sometimes you could be surprised by seeing things you thought you never do. It is a good starting feedback toward improvement. Additionally, if you want to take it to the next level, check the tip right below.

2. Make a Video While You Putt

Unlike the previous tip, this is a very common one in the golfing world. Again, it is more common with the full swing. It can definitely give you an in-depth view of your putting stroke. As I have mentioned above, with a video, you can see how everything looks and single out things to work on.

One of the benefits of making a video is the option to pause it at any given moment. That gives you opportunities to analyze things. Look at the video as a first step toward better putting. Once you discover things in your stroke, you can go to work. The best thing is you can do it without expensive equipment, just by using your phone.

Image by Robert Ruggiero on Unsplash
Image by Robert Ruggiero on Unsplash

3. Use a Plastic Cup for Practice

This is a scene you might have seen in some movie or tv show. It is the classic setup of a person in an office just putting and using a plastic cup as the target. As silly as it sounds, it can help you improve your accuracy. At the end of it, you still have to direct that ball toward the cup and be precise if you want it to get in there.

It can also be a metal cup or any kind of cup you want to use to practice. In case you do have some putting aid, such as holes with a little ramp for the ball to go in, you won’t need a cup. However, a simple cup is something to be found in any household and be helpful in order to get some practice without leaving home.

4. Use Your Furniture for Drills

When you are practicing on a putting green you can use tees to make gates to practice your putts. That is very convenient because you can place them wherever you want and make as many. Now, that is the case if you have access to a putting green where you can go and practice any time you want.

For anyone who does not have that luxury, there are ways to get creative and make the best of what is available. So if you want to practice in a similar way at home, you can use your furniture. For example, you can use two chairs to make a gate the ball has to go through on the way to a target.

You can use anything like coffee or dining table legs as well. Basically, you can use any piece of furniture that can make a gate with another piece. Gate drills are very good for accuracy and can help you to become more precise with your putter.

Image by Peter Drew on Unsplash
Image by Peter Drew on Unsplash

5. Putt on Different Surfaces

At first, this might not make much sense, but bear with me. You know already that putting greens do not have to necessarily be all the same. Sometimes they will be in better condition and sometimes in worse condition. They could be faster or slower. There are flatter ones and there are ones with more undulation.

That being said, there is a good chance you have a few different surfaces at home. There could be wooden flooring, tiles, carpet, or anything else. Naturally, if you practice putting on all those surfaces, the ball is going to act differently. That makes it a good chance to practice for different conditions in one place.

Sometimes all it takes is a bit of creativity to be able to do something. If you do have different surfaces at home and decide to give it a try, just be cautious with furniture and objects in the surroundings.

Make the Best of the Situation

Golf is an amazing sport that takes a lot of time and dedication if you want to become good at it. For that reason, you should take advantage of the environment you find yourself in. In this case, it is your home that could be extremely convenient to help you improve your putting.

A lot of successful professional athletes have stories of creative practice at home. I am not saying you have to do it as intensively as they did, but you can still do it to improve. Now take a look around you, make a practice plan, grab your putter, and go.

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How to Improve Putting Alignment – 5 Tips for Beginners

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The good old saying goes drive for show, putt for dough. Even if you just started golfing, there is a great chance you have heard it already. I can also tell you that you will hear it many, many times as long as you golf. Anyway, in order to become proficient on the green, you have to know how to improve putting alignment.

There is a fact related to putting which is very important to be aware of. Your putter is the only club in your bag you will use on every single hole.

Obviously, there is the exception when you hole out, but that does not happen so often. For that reason, you should be very comfortable on the green.

Besides having the right putter that suits your putting style, you have to master putting alignment. Starting the ball on the right line is one of the keys to success.

Robert Ruggiero on Unsplash
Robert Ruggiero on Unsplash

There is no golfer who can sink each and every putt, except maybe Tiger Woods in his prime. What you want is to give yourself a chance to get that ball into the hole or to roll it as close as possible. There is one thing golfers really don’t like, and that is three putts. Good alignment is one of the things that can help you avoid that.

1. Use the Ball Design to Your Advantage

It has been a long time since golf balls have alignment lines on them. Yet, there is a number of recreational golfers who do not use them whatsoever. That is a shame because the balls are designed that way to help when putting. Just ask professional golfers about it, I doubt there will be any of them who does not align before putting.

I know, professional golfers draw a line with a sharpie on the ball themselves to help them with putting. In any case, they do use a straight line on the golf ball to align it before the putt. There is a reason for that, it does help. Granted, you have to align it on the right line in order for it to work.

There are industry experts that advise recreational golfers against using the alignment aid. The explanation is that a lot of them do not align the ball properly. Despite that, it can be a powerful tool when you do align the ball properly. For that reason, you could try it and see what it does for you.

2. Know How to Read the Green

Here we go with reading the green. Like you haven’t heard enough about this since you started golfing. No matter how long you have been golfing, you always hear about this topic. Let me just say you hear about it all the time for a good reason. It is very important if you want to lower your number of putts per round.

Knowing how to read the green is essential for putting alignment. In order to align the ball properly, you have to know what it is going to do while rolling on the way to the hole. There is a huge difference if the ball is going to go straight if it is going to break left or right, or if it is going to be a double break.

Because of all that, you have to read the green the right way. There are several things you can do to achieve that. To start with, be aware of how fast it is. Then you can check the undulations from different angles. You can walk your line without stepping on it to see which way it is tilting. There are different sources out there where you can see all the ways to read the green.

Frederik Rosar on Unsplash
Frederik Rosar on Unsplash

3. Pick a Line According to the Putt

What says just above can be confusing. Let me explain what I mean by according to the putt. It has and hasn’t to do with reading the green. The part that is related to reading the green is if there is a slope or not. Meaning, part of picking the line is going to depend on the possible break on the way to the hole.

The second part is actually more important. What line you pick can entirely depend on how fast your putt is going to be. If you are going for a faster putt, your line should be straighter. I would suggest this for shorter putts or longer uphill putts. When the putt is faster there are fewer breaks because of the speed, therefore the line is going to be straighter.

On the other hand, if you decide to go with a dying-speed putt, your line has to be more precise. I mean that in a way that you have to account for all the possible breaks. Slower putts do not hold the line so well because any slope, even the slightest one, comes into play. Whatever you decide to do, trust your line and go for it.

4. Observe Other Golfers Putting

This is only applicable if you are not the first one to putt. You can learn a lot from just observing other golfers putting. It reveals the speed of the green, the slopes, and the green condition in general. A big bonus is if someone ahead of you is putting close to your line. Then all you see you can instantly apply it to your putt.

More so, try to pay attention to what another golfer’s ball does when it gets closer to the hole. That also applies to the situation when it goes past the hole. All that info can be very valuable. In case you play a course often, then you could try to remember your putts as well so you can do better next time.

When you see someone putt it can help you to align your ball better. Based on everything you see it could make you readjust your putt before going for it.

Peter Drew on Unsplash
Peter Drew on Unsplash

5. Be Aware of the Green Condition

This is a thing that could easily slip under the radar. Even if you have done all the preparation properly, you still have to see what kind of green you are dealing with on a day. You might think it has nothing to do with alignment, but it certainly does. The main thing the green condition affects is putting speed.

Now, putting speed will determine the line you want to start your ball on. That is directly related to alignment, particularly on putts that involve a break. If the green is slower, you might take a more direct line. In case of a faster green, you might want to take a bit of an arc line. All in all, it is another thing to pay attention to when aligning the putt.

Proper Alignment Can Help Your Game

Think about putting as an area of your game that can help you lower your handicap. Remember that putting strokes make a big portion of your scorecard. If you two-putt every single hole, that adds up to 36 strokes on your card. Lowering that number to 30 or less would make a significant difference in your score.

This goes especially if you are trying to break a score or just start shooting better numbers. Either way, it is an area worth working on. Next time you decide to practice try to incorporate some putting into it. A lot of recreational golfers focus way too much on their swing, while some simpler solutions might be within reach.

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